Ceremonial staff or dance wand (according to donor's inventory) with a wooden shaft decoratively wrapped in braided or woven horse hair in black and cream color. It has also been decorated with a dyed red horse hair bundle about mid-haft and a white or creme colored horse hair bundle at end and bound with thread and dyed black sinew. At end is also a black horse hair loop. The haft is inserted into the socket bored in the head and wrapped with rawhide for support. The head consists of two slightly curved horns. The rawhide has been decorated with paint in a geometric design consisting of orange bands outlined in blue, orange triangles outlined in blue, yellow rectangles outlined in blue with attached blue perpendicular lines, and an orange and blue line with attached blue perpendicular lines.
One of over 200 American Indian artifacts collected by Claude and Frances Hansen and bequeathed by the estate of Claude and Frances Hansen to History Colorado in 2004. As described by Joyce Herold, former anthropology curator at the Denver Museum of Nature and Science, "Claude and Frances Hansen were influenced from the mid-1930s by a great non-Indian dancer and maker of traditional objects, Ralph Hubbard of Colorado Springs. Frances Hansen's training and work as an art teacher at University of Denver and Colorado Women's College and Claude's as a visual aids artist at Lowry Field gave them special background. The Hansens advanced as experienced and knowledgeable amateurs during the 1940s to 1960s when they traveled to Sioux and Arapaho reservation homes in South Dakota and Wyoming. Nicolas Black Elk gave them personal Lakota names and long maintained contact with the couple. During their visits, they brought gifts as was the tradition, and received the trust that allowed participation in powwows and ceremonies. They learned songs and dances and acquired, sometimes by gift, locally created articles of clothing, ornaments, personal equipment, dolls, and other various household items."
"P-3" handwritten in black ink on horn next to rawhide