Collection consists of correspondence, ledgers, scrapbooks, and other material relating to James Hamilton Peabody. Born in Orange County, Vermont, in 1852, Peabody was the youngest of 17 children. Educated at Stratton Commercial College, Peabody moved to Colorado with his family in 1871, settling in Fremont County. Peabody found employment at a mercantile store owned by James Clelland, and in 1885 he was elected county clerk for Fremont County. Rising in the ranks of the Republican Party in Colorado, Peabody was elected governor in 1902. For the next 2 years his administration was beset with a number of labor problems in the Colorado mining industry, including a violent attack on the Independence Railway Station near the town of Victor that killed 13 miners in 1904. Although he ran unsuccessfully for re-election in 1904, he nevertheless was installed as governor after the election when the Republican controlled legislature accused his opponent of voter fraud. Peabody immediately resigned from the governorship on the day he was re-installed, and retired to private life. He died in 1917.